To find the efficacy of crude extract from plants on germination of seeds

Authors

  • Ravi Kumar Patil Department of BiotechnologyEngineering,GMIT-Davanegere Karnataka, India.
  • Chetan DM Department of Biotechnology Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte-574110, Udupi District, India
  • Abhilash K B Department of Biotechnology Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte-574110, Udupi District, India
  • Raghupathi Achari Department of Biotechnology Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte-574110, Udupi District, India

Keywords:

Germination, seed coat, Quiescent seeds, embryo

Abstract

Germination is the growth of an embryonic plant contained within a seed; it results in the formation of the seedling. The seed of a higher plant is a small package produced in a fruit or cone after the union of male and female sex cells. All fully developed seeds contain an embryo and, in most plant species some store of food reserves, wrapped in a seed coat. Some plants produce varying numbers of seeds that lack embryos, these are called empty seeds, and never germinate. Most seeds go through a period of quiescence where there is no active growth; during this time the seed can be safely transported to a new location and/or survive adverse climate conditions until circumstances are favorable for growth. Quiescent seeds are ripe seeds that do not germinate because they are subject to external environmental conditions that prevent the initiation of metabolic processes and cell growth. Under favorable conditions, the seed begins to germinate and the embryonic tissues resume growth. In the present study, research was done to find the effect of crude extract of plants on germination of seeds. The plants which we have chosen may show the positive or negative effect on the germination of seeds. This has some importance in the rain fed areas. Even the specific plant extract soaked and sow in land may helpful to tolerate the drought conditions. Also study is helpful to agriculture or agricultural industry. It helps to find out the anti sprouting property of the plants. However, further work is needed to improve this method.

References

Miller SR. Growth inhibition produced by leaf extracts

from size-controlling apple rootstocks. Canadian

Journal of Plant Science. 1965;45(6):519-24.

Martin PA, Blackburn M. Inhibition of seed

germination by extracts of bitter hawkesbury

watermelon containing cucurbitacin, a feeding stimulant

for corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

Journal of economic entomology. 2003;96(2):441-5.

Koller D, Kozlowski TT. Environmental control of seed

germination. Seed biology. 1972;2.

YONEYAMA K. Search for germination stimulants and

inhibitors for root parasitic weeds. Natural Products for

Pest Management. 2006:88-98.

Saqrane S, Ghazali IE, Oudra B, Bouarab L,

Vasconcelos V. Effects of cyanobacteria producing

microcystins on seed germination and seedling growth

of several agricultural plants. Journal of Environmental

Science and Health Part B. 2008 ;43(5):443-51.

Kakefuda G, Duke SH, Duke SO. Differential light

induction of nitrate reductases in greening and

photobleached soybean seedlings. Plant physiology.

;73(1):56-60.

Gupta N et al. International Journal of

Pharmacy&Technology IJPT. 2011;3(1):1785-1795.

Brown R. Anisomeles, Prodr. 503. 1810. Flora of

China.1994; 17: 188.

Mandial RK. An Insight into the Toxicological and

Medicinal Properties of Lantana camara plant. College

of Veterinary and Animal Science Palampur Himachal

Pradesh. 2006.

Jeyaseelan EC, Pathmanathan MK, Jeyadevan JP.

Inhibitory effect of different solvent extracts of Vitex

negundo L. and Allium sativum L. on phytopathogenic

bacteria. Archives of Applied Science Research.

;2(6):325-31.

Prasad K, Srivastava VC. TELETOXIC EFFECT OF

WEEDS ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF

RICE (ORYZA-SATIVA). Indian Journal of

Agricultural Sciences. 1991;61(8):591-2.

Fahey JW. Moringa oleifera: a review of the medical

evidence for its nutritional, therapeutic, and

prophylactic properties. Part 1. Trees for life Journal.

;1(5):1-5.

el-Sheekh MM. Effect of crude seaweed extracts on

seed germination, seedling growth and some metabolic

processes of Vicia faba L. Cytobios. 2000;101(396):23-

Abad MJ, Ansuategui M, Bermejo P. Active antifungal

substances from natural sources. Arkivoc. 2007;7(11):6-

Akan Tunon H, Alkaloids in Achillea millefolium L.

Newyork Botanical Garden SEP – 8 1998.

Downloads

Published

30-06-2018

How to Cite

1.
Ravi Kumar Patil, Chetan DM, Abhilash K B, Raghupathi Achari. To find the efficacy of crude extract from plants on germination of seeds. ijp [Internet]. 2018 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 May 19];10(2):87-93. Available from: https://ijp.arjournals.org/index.php/ijp/article/view/594

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles