Zygophyllum album aqueous extract reduces oxidative damage in red blood cells and attenuates pro-inflammatory plasma markers in hypercholesterolemic-diabetic rats


  • Yasmina BAHLIL Laboratory Clinical and Metabolic Nutrition, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Université Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Oran, Algeria
  • Djamil KROUF Laboratory of Clinical and Metabolic Nutrition, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life. University of Oran. Algeria Algeria
  • Nawal TALEB-DIDA Laboratory Clinical and Metabolic Nutrition, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Université Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Oran, Algeria


Hypercholesterolemia, Diabetes, Zygophyllum album, RBC, Oxidative stress, inflammation


Zygophyllum album (Z. album) is used in traditional medicine for a long time for its anti-diabetic activities. This study had to assess Z. album extract supplementation effects on redox and inflammatory statuses in hypercholesterolemic-diabetic rats. Male rats Wistar (n=36), weighing 200±10 g were divided into three groups (n=12). The first group was rendered hypercholesterolemic (HC) with a high cholesterol diet (1 %). The second group was rendered diabetic (D) by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (35 mg/kg of body weight). The third group was rendered hypercholesterolemic-diabetic (HC-D); each group was divided into two groups (n=6), untreated groups (HC, D, HC-D) and treated groups with 1 % Z. album extract (HC-Za, D-Za and HC-D-Za). After 28 days, Z. album treatment lead to a decrease in RBC’s TBARS contents in HC-Za (-44 %), D-Za (-66 %) and HC-D-Za (-23 %) groups. An increase in the antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and catalase) was observed in HC-Za, D-Za and HC-D-Za (p <0.05). IL-1 β and IL-6 concentrations were reduced by -44, -50 and -33 % and -49, 38 and -41 %, respectively in treated groups. A decrease in TNF-α as well as homocysteine and CRP was observed in Z. album treated groups (p <0,05). In conclusion, Z. album reduces radical attack and improves the anti-inflammatory proprieties in hypercholesterolemic-diabetic rats.


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How to Cite

Yasmina BAHLIL, Djamil KROUF, Nawal TALEB-DIDA. Zygophyllum album aqueous extract reduces oxidative damage in red blood cells and attenuates pro-inflammatory plasma markers in hypercholesterolemic-diabetic rats. ijp [Internet]. 2020 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Dec. 11];12(4):86-9. Available from: https://ijp.arjournals.org/index.php/ijp/article/view/641



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