Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of young and mature mango (Mangifera indica) and avocado (Persea americana) leave extracts


  • Félicité Kingne Kingne School of Engineering, Catholic University Institute of Buea, P.O BOX 563, Buea, Cameroon
  • Fabrice Tonfack Djikeng School of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Catholic University Institute of Buea, P.O BOX 563, Buea, Cameroon School of Engineering, Catholic University Institute of Buea, P.O BOX 563, Buea, Cameroon Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P.O BOX 67, Dschang. Cameroon
  • Hermine Doungue Tsafack Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P.O BOX 67, Dschang. Cameroon
  • Mallampalli Sri Lakshmi Karuna CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Centre for Lipid Research, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 007, India
  • Hilaire Macaire Womeni Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P.O BOX 67, Dschang. Cameroon


Phenolic content, Antioxidant activity, Persea Americana, Mangifera indica


Polyphenols are groups of secondary metabolites in plants, known with their various biological activities, including their ability to act as antioxidants. Due to the side effects of the use of synthetic antioxidants on human’s health, the search for natural less toxic compounds has significantly increased. This study was carried out to evaluate the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of young and mature avocado (Persea americana) and mango leaves (Mangifera indica). Different extracts were prepared by maceration in methanol, ethanol, cold and hot water. The phenolic content of the extracts was determined using the Folic-Ciocalteu Method. A total of three antioxidant tests were done on the extracts: the 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl test (DPPH test), the Ferric reducing antioxidant power and the Hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Results of these investigations generally showed that the mature leaves of mango and young leaves of avocado exhibited the highest phenolic and flavonoid contents, as well as the antioxidant activity. They can be recommended as good sources of antioxidants to reduce the damages caused by free radicals and reactive oxygenated species in the body. They can also be recommended as a source of antioxidants for the preservation of oils, food containing lipids and pharmaceutical products.


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How to Cite

Félicité Kingne Kingne, Fabrice Tonfack Djikeng, Hermine Doungue Tsafack, Mallampalli Sri Lakshmi Karuna, Hilaire Macaire Womeni. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of young and mature mango (Mangifera indica) and avocado (Persea americana) leave extracts. ijp [Internet]. 2018 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Dec. 11];10(4):181-90. Available from:



Original Research Articles