Survey of medicinal plants and patterns of knowledge in district Swabi/ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


  • Abdul Waheed Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Ali Bahadur Departmet of Botany, MOE Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptation, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Abdul Majid Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Fahad Nasir Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin 130024, China
  • Mohib Shah Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, 23500 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Asfa Batool Lanzhou University, China China School of Life Sciences. Professor


Medicinal plant, Use value, Local community, Jaundice, District


To investigate and document the indigenous knowledge on the medicinal flora of the native communities in Swabi district, Pakistan. A field survey was carried out and data was based on semi-structured interviews, group discussions, and questionnaire from 8 villages. 180 local individual of local communities were interviewed and collected data were analyzed by quantitative and descriptive index. During the survey, 81 species belonging to 45 families were reported. Solanaceae was the leading family with 7 species. Herb (48%) was the dominant plant habit and leaf (24%) was the most preferred used part for indigenous medicine. Moreover, decoction (28.93%) was the most prestigious method. According to the result, the highest use value was documented for Jaundice ailment (1.00-0.81). Besides, 11 plants added to the endangered species list. Local experts of Swabi district practice a huge variety of ethnomedicinal plants in treating a wide spectrum of disorders, especially those plants used to cure jaundice. Our finding suggest that the pharmacological potential across some of these plants has been therapeutically validated however still need to explore the pharmacological properties of other species. Hence, the present investigation, aside from being a source of new insight for ethnobotanical and pharmacological cure of many disorders, might contribute to upgrade the sustainability, conservation, and management of medicinal flora in the Bachai Sikandari, district Swabi.


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How to Cite

Abdul Waheed, Ali Bahadur, Abdul Majid, Fahad Nasir, Mohib Shah, Asfa Batool. Survey of medicinal plants and patterns of knowledge in district Swabi/ Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. ijp [Internet]. 2018 Jun. 30 [cited 2023 Dec. 11];10(2):100-1. Available from:



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