Anticariogenic potential of Potentilla fulgens extract and its chemical constituents


  • Alka Choudhary Department of Natural Products, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, 160062, Punjab, India.
  • Umesh Bihade Department of Pharmaceutical Technology (Biotechnology), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, 160062, Punjab, India.
  • Amit Kumar Mittal Department of Pharmaceutical Technology (Biotechnology), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, 160062, Punjab, India.
  • Anupam Chatterjee Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, 793002, Meghalaya, India.
  • Uttam Chand Banerjee Department of Pharmaceutical Technology,National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER) Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali-160062, Punjab
  • Inder Pal Singh Department of Natural Products, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, 160062, Punjab, India.


Potentilla fuglens, Streptococcus mutans, Anticariogenic, Dimeric flavan-3-ols, Time-kill study, Biofilm inhibition


Streptococci and Lactobacilli are the most common bacteria causing dental caries. Potentilla fuglens, native of north-east India is used by tribal people to cure teeth and gum problems. Based on its ethomedical use, its anticariogenic potential was evaluated. The crude methanol extract was found to have good anticariogenic potential. Epigallocatechingallate (4) was found to the most effective inhibitor against the tested bacterial strains. Epiafzelechin (4β→8) epicatechin (8) also demonstrated comparatively better activity than other dimeric compounds (MIC of 1.56, 3.12 and 3.12 μg/mL against Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, respectively). Time-kill studies and biofilm formation inhibition assays showed molecule 8 to be comparable to compound 4 in terms of antibacterial action. The results suggest that these compounds and Potentilla extracts could be employed as natural antibacterial agents in oral health care products.


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How to Cite

Alka Choudhary, Umesh Bihade, Amit Kumar Mittal, Anupam Chatterjee, Uttam Chand Banerjee, Inder Pal Singh. Anticariogenic potential of Potentilla fulgens extract and its chemical constituents. ijp [Internet]. 2017 Mar. 31 [cited 2023 Nov. 30];9(1):83-91. Available from:



Original Research Articles