Pharmacognostical Profiling of Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. leaves

Authors

  • Arun Mittal Hindu College of Pharmacy Sonipat, Haryana (131001) India.
  • Satish Sardana Hindu College of Pharmacy Sonipat, Haryana (131001) India.
  • Anima Pandey Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, Jharkhand (835215) India.

Keywords:

Jasminum grandiflorum, Pharmacognostic character, Aflatoxin content, Heavy metal analysis, Microbial contamination

Abstract

To evaluate the pharmacognostic characters including macroscopic, microscopic and physico-chemical characters of the leaves of therapeutically important plant Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. Fresh and dried leaf samples were studied macroscopically and microscopically. Preliminary phytochemical screening and physciochemical studies were performed by following WHO recommended guidelines for the standardization of the leaves. The detailed microscopy revealed the presence of multicellular trichomes, xylem tissue, phloem tissue, collenchyma, spongy parenchyma and palisade cells. Physico-chemical parameters such as extractive values, ash values, foreign matter, loss on drying, volatile oil content, swelling index, foaming index, crude fibre content, fluorescent behaviour, microbial contamination, aflatoxin content, heavy metal profile, pH values of drug solution were also determined. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of carbohydrate, terpenoids, steroids, saponins, flavonoids, tannins & phenolics compounds. Various pharmacognostic characters observed in this study can help in the identification and standardization of leaves of Jasminum grandiflorum Linn.

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M, Paul ZM, Jeeva S. Phytochemical

studies on Azolla pinnata R. Br.,

Marsilea minuta L. and Salvinia

molesta Mitch. Asian Pacific J Trop.

Biomedicine. 2011; S26-S29.

. Raj RSN, Radhamany PM.

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analysis on the leaves of Brunfelsia

americana L. Asian Pacific J. Trop.

Biomedicine. 2012; S305-S307.

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Ethnobotanical, phytochemical and

pharmacological profile of Jasminum

sambac Ait. J Pharma. Biomedical Sci.

; 11(05):1-5.

. Mittal A, Sardana S, Pandey A.

Jasminum auriculatum- An over view.

Int. J Pharma. Innovation. 2011;

(4):30-35.

. Kirtikar KR, Basu BD. Indian medicinal

plants. 2nd ed, Vol 7. Dehradun:

Oriental Enterprises (India); 2003;

-2108.

. Sharma PC, Yelne MB, Dennis TJ.

Database on Medicinal Plants used in

Ayurveda. Vol 3, New Delhi, Central

Council for Research in Ayurveda and

Siddha; 2005; 332-345.

. Bedi S, Tanuja, Vyas SP. A handbook

of aromatic and essential oil plants:

cutivation, chemistry, processing and

uses. Bombay: Agrobios Pvt. Ltd.;

; 280-284.

. Zhao G, Yin Z, Dong J. Antiviral

efficacy against hepatitis B virus

replication of oleuropein isolated from

Jasminum officinale L. var.

grandiflorum. J Ethnopharmacol 2009;

:265-268.

. Priya Joy, Patric RD. Anti-bacterial

activity studies of Jasminum

grandiflorum and Jasminum sambac.

Ethnobotany Leaflets. 2008; 12:481-

. Fulzele SV, Sattkrwar PM, Joshi SB,

Dorle AK. Studies on Anti-inflammatory

activity of a poly herbal formulationJatyadi ghrita. Indian Drugs. 2002;

:42-44.

. Kumar GS, Khanam S. Anti-acne

activity of natural products. Indian J Nat

Prod 2004; 30:7-9.

. Nayak BS, Krishma M. Influence of

ethanolic extract of Jasminum

grandiflorum Linn. flower on wound

healing activity in rats. Indian J Physiol

Pharmacol. 2007; 51:189-194.

. Lis-Balchin M, Hart S, Lo BWH.

Jasmine absolute (Jasminum

grandiflorum L.) and its mode of action

on guinea-pig ileum in-vitro. Phytother

Res. 2002; 16:437-439

. Umamaheswari M, Ashokkumar K,

Rathidevi R, Sivashanmugan AT,

Subbhardadevi V, Ravi TK. Anti ulcer

and in-vitro antioxidant activities of

Jasminum grandiflorum L. J

Ethnopharmacol. 2007; 110:464-470.

. Brinda S, Ulla WS, George V,

Pushpangadan P, Rajasekharan S,

Duus JO. Angiotensin converting

enzyme (ACE) inhibitors from

Jasminum azoricum and Jasminum

grandiflorum. Planta Med. 1998;

:246-250.

. Sadhu SK, Khan MS, Ohtsuki T,

Ishibashi M. Secoiridoid components

from Jasminum grandifjlorum.

Phytochemistry. 2007; 68:1718-1721.

. Divakar NG, Subramanian V,

Sugumaran M, Vaidyanathan CS.

Indole Oxygenase from the leaves of

Jasminum grandiflorum. Plant Sci

Letters. 1979; 15:177-181.

. K. R. Brain, T. D. Turner. The Practical

Evaluation of Phytopharmaceuticals.

Bristol: Wright-Scientechnica. 1975; pp.

-9.

. Bansal M, Mittal A, Aggarwal S, Gupta

AK, Sardana S. Pharmacognostic

evaluation of roots of Psidium guajava

Linn. Int. J. Pharma. Innovation. 2011;

(1):1-10.

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Published

31-03-2015

How to Cite

1.
Arun Mittal, Satish Sardana, Anima Pandey. Pharmacognostical Profiling of Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. leaves. ijp [Internet]. 2015 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];7(1):100-5. Available from: https://ijp.arjournals.org/index.php/ijp/article/view/391

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Original Research Articles